Common Respiratory Diseases

Commonly known as lung disease as well, a respiratory disease an be one of a group of respiratory malfunctions found in people of all ages. Although pollution, low immunity and contamination are common triggers of respiratory diseases, a smoking habit, genetics, stress and recurring infection due to unhealthy living can also cause respiratory diseases for some people.

There are six major respiratory complications. These are:
• Respiratory illness due to infection in the airways
• Respiratory diseases affecting air sacs
• Respiratory diseases affecting the interstitium- the tissue and area around the lungs’ air sacs
• Respiratory diseases affecting blood vessels
• Respiratory diseases affecting pleura.
• Respiratory diseases affecting chest wall.

Let’s take a quick look at the diseases caused due to problems with the respiratory system.

1. Respiratory illness that involves the airways
The windpipes or trachea branch out into smaller tubes and then into netlike structures that carry the air that we inhale to the furthest corners of the lungs and other airways. Some respiratory diseases affect airways.
• When the airways are found to be swollen, they may cause spasms, wheezing and acute shortness of breath. This condition is called Asthma. Respiratory infection, allergies and irritation caused by pollution and smoke may initiate bouts of asthma.
• When the lungs do not work normally, it makes breathing difficult. This condition is called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
• Chronic bronchitis is a form of COPD typically known for causing a chronic cough.
• Acute Bronchitis is a kind of viral infection that affects the airways.
• Cystic Fibrosis is caused when the body does an inadequate job clearing mucus from the bronchii, and the accumulated layers of mucus induce lung infections.

2. Respiratory diseases affecting air sacs
Some lung diseases disturb the air sacs, and ultimately, the alveoli are found to be affected. Some of the common lung diseases here are:
• Pneumonia: A bacterial infection of the alveoli. If not treated properly, it my turn fatal.
• Caused by bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a kind of recurring pneumonia and it can be fatal.
• Emphysema is caused by limited airflow to air sacs causing difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath.
• Pulmonary edema may cause fluid leaks into the air sacs. It induces the chance of heart failure and can cause severe damage to the lungs.
• Acute respiratory distress syndrome is caused by severe lung infections due to trauma to the lungs.
• Lung cancer is seen in many forms and this disease commonly affects the central portion of the lungs. Depending on the infection area, complications and the age group that the patient falls in treatment is decided.
• Pneumoconiosis is caused by long term lung injury and at times can be fatal.

There is a dire need in the field of respiratory therapy for dedicated individuals to make a career of helping those with these respiratory diseases. If you are someone you know is looking into respiratory therapist programs or are interested in further information, check out the many sources online. Heavy needs in this area are driving up incomes so a respiratory therapist salary will most likely make it very inviting for those looking to expand or start a career in this field. Definitely look into it….it’s rewarding in more ways than one.

3. Respiratory diseases affecting Interstitium
Interstitium is the delicate membrane between air sacs. Various types of respiratory diseases are caused due to infection in Interstitium.
• Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a group of diseases like Sarcoidosis, different types of auto immune disease and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
• When interstitium gets affected, it is called pulmonary and Pneumonias edema.

4. Respiratory diseases upsetting blood vessels,
Due to inadequate supply of oxygen in blood vessels, people may suffer from respiratory diseases. These are:
• Pulmonary embolism (PE): Caused by a blood clot traveling within blood stream and lodging in an artery.
• Pulmonary hypertension is caused by different conditions; however, no typical trigger has been noticed.

5. Respiratory diseases that disturb the pleura.
Respiratory issues may create irritation in the pleura. Some of the common pleura-related respiratory issues are:
• Pleural Effusion: This causes accumulation of fluid between lung and chest wall.
• Pneumothorax: This causes unwanted air between the lungs and chest wall and it calls for immediate surgery.
• Mesothelioma: This is the lung cancer caused by asbestos. It can cause respiratory complications.

6. Respiratory diseases disturbing chest wall.
Some respiratory diseases affect the breathing capacity of affected patients. Common respiratory diseases of this category are:
• Obesity hypoventilation syndrome: This condition puts extra pressure on the heart and may cause serious breathing problems.
• Neuromuscular disorders can cause poor function of the nerves that can lead to extreme irritation and respiratory discomfort for patients.

Regular exercise, diet and visiting your doctor regularly are the easiest ways to prevent or get rid of a respiratory disease.

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Atrial Flutter

Anyone deal with this? Please give some general info (symptoms, treatments, stories,. . ). After looking around, I learned — atrial flutter is exactly what it says. Your atria is fluttering, it is not making full contractions. Your heart beat mostly stays regular with this rhythm but can become extremely fast. Also, the number of times your atria contracts compared to your ventricle contractions will very. In your normal sinus rhythm (the normal rhythm of a health heart) your atria contracts once for every time your ventricle contracts, its called 1 to 1 conduction. In atrial flutter you can have up to 4 or 5 atrial contractions to every ventricle contraction. In addition to this, you can also go into whats called SVT. It stands for supra ventricular tachacardia, this means that your beat is starting above the ventricles and your ventricular rate is grater than 150 times a miunte. If this happens it can be very stressful on your heart, you will feels symptoms such as chest pain, short of breath, sweaty, racing heart, palpatations, light headed, dizzy, nausea. Treatment for Atrial flutter is a medication called cardizem, it slows down your attrial contractions and puts your heart back into a normal sinus rhythm. You can also try whats called a vegal maneuver. What you are doing here is stimulating the vegus nerve in your body, dont do this if you are lightheaded or dizzy though or if you think your blood pressure is at all low. What you do to stimulate your vegus nerve is you bear down. A good way to do this is to hold your breath and take your hand and push in on your stomach as hard as you can while you tighten your stomach so your hand cannot push in. Like I said though, if you have a low b. P. You can cause your self to pass out by doing this. I would make sure I could take me b. P. Prior to doing this and make sure it is atleast 100 systolic. The last and most extreme treatment is electrical cardioversion. They have to shock your heart back into a normal rhythm.


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Cardiologist

. What I found out was – A cardiologist is a medical (non-surgical) subspecialist who has completed training not only in internal medicine but has completed training in cardiology. Some cardiologists limit the scope of what they do to the EXPERT diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system using any number of methods including (but not limited to) recommended indicated lifestyle changes and medications. Other cardiologists receive addional training in Invasive or Interventional Cardiology. Such Cardiologists can perform some incredible feats using minimally invasive methods to not merely diagnose disease of the cardiovascular system(e. G. Arterial stenosis) but can further use a “balloon” device (angioplasty) and these contraptions called “stents” to keep a vessel patent. Some Invasive Cardios perform ablations, even can patch “holes” in the heart entirely though endovascular techniques. All using tiny guidewire and catheters, never so much as even physically coming near the patient’s heart. Pretty neat, eh?

View more animations at and more videos at Dr. Randy Martin, an Atlanta cardiologist (heart doctor) exp. . .


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Heart Palpitations

For about 4 or 5 yrs now I’ve had heart palpitations. I used to think it was a heart murmmer but when I told my OB/GYN when I was pregnant that I had a murmmer she said “No you don’t” & I was like yes I do everyonce in a while I can feel it then she told be that it was a heart palpitation. Can that hurt me? I feel fine & they only happen if I get excited or try to run or something like that. . Should I go to the doctor about it. Well, I have your answer right here. Heart palpitations cause the sensation of rapid, fluttering or pounding heartbeats. Although heart palpitations can be worrisome, they’re typically harmless. Common causes of heart palpitations include: Anxiety Stress Exercise Caffeine Nicotine Fever Hormone changes associated with menstruation, pregnancy or menopause Certain medications, such as pseudoephedrine, an ingredient in any cold and allergy medicines Often the cause of heart palpitations can’t be determined. However, occasionally, heart palpitations can be a sign of a serious, underlying problem such as hyperthyroidism or an abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia). Arrhythmias may include very fast heart rates (tachycardia), unusually slow heart rates (bradycardia) or an irregular heart rhythm (atrial fibrillation). If you’re concerned about heart palpitations, consult your doctor. He or she may recommend further evaluation such as heart monitoring tests. Seek prompt medical attention if heart palpitations are accompanied by: Dizziness Shortness of breath Chest discomfort or pain Fainting

READ THE WHOLE DESCRIPTION Avoid Aspertame *diet Soda* Watch the whole thing to learn how your heart only works if you have everything normal in your own. . .


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Stroke Symptoms

I am doing a project on strokes. I am making three posters. I am going to talk about what a stroke is, warnings signs, prevention, what is happening in a stroke, the types of strokes, the prognosis, etc. However, in addition to that, specifically, I am supposed to include 10 Science Facts of my subject. Can anyone give me an example or couple of what you think would count as a science fact of a stroke? I am just confused, like do you think that is just explaining the facts of a stroke? I know this is kind of confusing (or maybe I am just find it confusing) but I would appreciate any help anyone could offer. Appreciate it. Thanks. After speaking to others on the web, I found the answer. Stroke is the third most widely seen cause of death, after cancer and ischemic heart disease. It is also the most prominent cause of physical deformity Stroke has a yearly incidence of 180-300 per 100,000, in the United States. Its incidence is accelerating in developing countries due to unhealthy lifestyles. 2/3 of stroke victims are above 60 years old. 1/5 of the victims die within a mo of its occurrence. Half the survivors become physically deformed. A damage in the left side of the brain may result in paralysis of the right side of the body; a damage on the right side, paralyzes the left side. Hypertension accounts for 30-50% of stroke risk. Patients with diabetes mellitus are 2-3 times more predisposed to stroke. Stroke can occur due to a disruption in blood supply or due to a blood vessel damage.

Every 45 minutes in America, someone has a stroke. . . Often for the second or third time. This video explores what happens during a “brain attack. “Watch More H. . .


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Cardiology

. Essentially — Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases. Andreas Gruentzig is considered the father of interventional cardiology after the development of angioplasty by interventional radiologist, Dr. Charles Dotter. A large number of procedures may be performed on the heart by catheterization. This most commonly involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein) and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization (most commonly fluoroscopy. The radial artery may also be used for cannulation; this approach offers several advantages, including the accessibility of the artery in most patients, the easy control of bleeding even in anticoagulated patients, the enhancement of comfort because patients are capable of sitting up and walking immediately following the procedure, and the near absence of clinically crucial sequelae in patients with a normal Allen test. The main advantages of using the interventional cardiology or radiology approach are the avoidance of the scars and pain, and long post-operative recovery. Additionally, interventional cardiology procedure of primary angioplasty is now the gold standard of care for an acute myocardial infarction. It involves the extraction of clots from occluded coronary arteries and deployment of stents and balloons through a small hole made in a major artery(which has given it the name “pin-hole surgery” (as opposed to “key-hole surgery&quot, thereby leaving no scars.

I’mage:


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